Edible Berries of the Pacific Northwest > Sumac. The plant makes an attractive specimen or hedge plant, and wildlife is drawn to it. Pinnate means resembling a feather; compound means that, instead of one, unified structure, a plant's leaf is really composed of multiple leaflets joined by stems. Sumac. This is an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree) that typically grows 15-25’ tall. Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. There are dozens of other sumac species native to Europe, Africa, Asia, and other parts of the world, a few of which are used as landscape plants in the U.S. Sumacs are generally shrubs or small trees. This shrub is fast-growing, drought-tolerant, and it is mostly resistant to insects and diseases. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. If you are familiar with the plant's appearance at only one particular time of the year, you may not recognize it when you encounter it during another season. The leaflets are clustered in 7-13 leaflets and are arranged in alternating pairs with a single leaflet at the end. 3. Like other sumacs, it is a valuable plant for protecting native bee populations. The stems of poison sumac leaves further help us to identify the plant. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈsjuːmæk /) or (/ ˈsuːmæk /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae. That's because, while most of the leaflets form matching pairs (one across from the other), there's always one lone leaflet at the tip of the compound leaf, which gives it the shape of a feather. One key to proper identification is studying the shrub's individual plant parts: You increase your odds of identification if you know what all of these plant parts look like, rather than knowing the appearance of just one. But the plant is not related to true dogwood (Cornus genus). Fragr ant sumac (Rhus aromatica) 1. In landscaping, this plant is generally planted in areas where it can form small thickets as it suckers, but it can easily spread rampantly if it is not supervised. The dried fruits are used in spices, the leaves and bark have been used in the leather tanning process, and various dyes can be made from different parts of the plant. Sumac trees that belong to the genus Rhus and the family Anacardiaceae, are usually found as tall shrubs or small trees. Jul 10, 2019 - Explore Karen Mulkeen's board "Poison sumac plant" on Pinterest. Both Sumac and Tree of Heaven are in flower in northeast Ohio, which in fact is one of the best ways to tell them apart. This is NOT sumac. You can differentiate the species by the fact that the branches of staghorn sumac have a furry texture. Most sumac shrubs are quite harmless (nonpoisonous) and potentially desirable landscaping elements, which is another reason why you should identify poison sumac properly: There is no reason to pass up the great fall color of nonpoisonous sumac simply because they have "sumac" in their common name. Persimmon : Green Ash . Choose Your Region. Fragrant (aromatic) sumac (R. aromatica) is never a small tree, so it is typically smaller than our other sumacs. It is called sugar sumac (or sugar bush) because the fruit was sometimes used as a sweetener by Native Americans. If you learn how to identify the plant by its bark, then you will be able to avoid coming into contact with poison sumac in winter (after it has lost its leaves). Other plant parts, however, can create reactions similar to that of poison ivy in people who are sensitive. It also has good fire resistance, making it an excellent choice to stabilize hillsides in areas prone to wildfires. Small, roundish clusters of fuzzy red berries in mid t… Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. A second key to successful identification is learning what the plant looks like from season to season. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. Inconspicuous flowers appear earlier in spring than other sumacs. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. In its pure species form, this species is known as skunkbush, but a number of its variations and cultivars carry more pleasing names, such as fragrant sumac (Rhus trilobata var. All parts of poison sumac are poisonous. Little-leaf sumac (also known as desert sumac) is a multi-branched, deciduous shrub. In addition to the practical benefit of knowing what poison sumac looks like in fall, it is also simply enjoyable to view its fall foliage. It has large pinnate leaves with 9 to 21 untoothed leaflets that are shiny and … Pocket Field Guides One of the best, pocket-sized tree identification manuals. Prefers sun to partial shade and tolerates both moist and dry soils. Lovers of variety will be most thrilled when the autumn leaves of poison sumac offer a number of colors all at once. Staghorn Sumac - Rhus typhina is an attractive wood line plant with attractive fruits and a good orange fall color. One of poison sumac's nicknames is "poison dogwood." This sumac is 1 to 10 meters (ca. Smooth sumac is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. Although technically a shrub, it can grow to a tree size. This small shrub is distinguished from other sumacs by the extreme hairy texture of its branches and its small size. The fire that burned on these trees was intense. Twigs are stout, densely red hairy and 16 to 20 millimeters (5/8 to 3/4 inches) thick (see photo). The green leaves turn flaming red in the fall. This United States native winters well in hardiness zones 4 to 9. There are approximately 250 species of flowering plants that are known by the name sumac. Look at a tree book if necessary, but learn how to know this dangerous tree before you touch any sumac! This plant, however, is considered an endangered species in its native range. Like some other sumacs, Michaux's sumac is dioecious—male and female reproductive parts occur on separate plants. How to Remove Poison Sumac From Your Garden, Poison Sumac vs. Staghorn Sumac: The Major Differences, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 6 Varieties of Dogwood to Use In Your Landscape. Evergreen sumac can be used to create a hedge or screen, or it can be pruned to favor a single leader to form a straight trunk and tree-like shape. The female plants produce white or greenish-yellow flowers followed by red fruit (drupes). Both species grow well in containers, where they stay much smaller. It is native to woodland edges, roadsides, railroad embankments and stream/swamp margins from Quebec to Ontario to Minnesota south to Georgia, Indiana and Iowa. It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. The red berries have a tart flavor and are sometimes used in drinks. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Identification of Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, Poison Sumac, and Poisonwood 2 Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) Poison ivy grows in shady or sunny locations throughout Florida. You increase your odds of identification if you know what all of these plant parts look like, rather than knowing the appearance of just one. They are also very attractive to wildlife. It turns a very attractive shade of bright orange or red in the autumn. Poison sumac has leaves made up of 5 to 13 leaflets. The edge, or margin, of poison sumac's leaflet is considered "entire" in plant-identification terminology, and it displays a midrib of a lighter color. The old bark of poison sumac is much rougher in texture than the newer bark. 2. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, get a rash from allowing your skin to brush up against poison sumac. The leaves and twigs are fragrant when crushed or damaged, a feature that lends the plant its common name. berry is reddish, hairy, and has lemony taste. Greenish or white flowers grow in 1- to 2-inch long clusters, leading to fruit that matures to red in mid-September. Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Tree of Heaven has smooth leaf edges except for one or two notches at the base of the leaf. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. An individual plant may produce male flowers as well as female flowers, or it may be limited to one or the other. Winged sumac trees prefer well-drained soils in partially shady to fully sunny locations. This is an evergreen shrub or small tree that has large, simple leaves that are bright green and leathery in texture, and white flower clusters that lead to sticky reddish berries. If the rash it causes can be considered its "bite," then, in the case of this dog, it is not true that its bark is worse than its bite. The foliage turns bright red in autumn. Poison sumac is a shrub (some consider it a small tree) that grows in swampy areas. Also, Tree-of-Heaven leaflets contain one or more glands that can be found at the base of the leaflet. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. 3 to 33 feet) tall, usually tree-like, but in thickets, and occasionally shrubby. It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. In fact, another name used for this plant in the past was 'stinking sumac'. It is a large, rounded evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 10-18 feet tall. A second key to successful identification is learning what the plant looks like from season to season. Steve Nix, About.com. Native to: sAlta., sSask., sMan., Ont. It is best used in areas where its tendency to spread and colonize is desired; it is not a good plant in small landscapes. It is similar to smooth sumac, except the leaves are untoothed. Tree of Heaven is a favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula. While the exact number varies, it is always an odd number. berry can be eaten raw to quench thirst. This is a sumac that is often sheared to keep as an ornamental specimen; or, like other sumacs, it can be allowed to mass in thickets to control banks or cover large areas. These berries have a fuzzy look and feel. Only female plants produce flowers and berries. The foliage of poison sumac shrub changes its color in fall, and so does the berry. Unlike most sumacs (which have trifoliate or pinnate leaves), lemonade berry sumac has simple leaves, with a waxy, leathery texture. List of key staghorn tree facts. When all of the leaves finally do become the same color, that color can be orange, yellow, or red. In some environments, it may naturalize and become invasive. North American Sumacs You Should Know About, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 10 Great Jasmine Shrubs and Vines for Your Landscape, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 6 Varieties of Dogwood to Use In Your Landscape. Deciduous shrub or small tree. Like other sumacs, it readily spreads through suckering. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. Panicules de fruits pourpres, ronds et duveteux sur pieds femelles. The winged sumac (Rhus copallina)--also called the flameleaf sumac--is a small tree that ranges from 15 to 30 feet high with spreads up to 20 feet. What Tree is That? The shape of poison sumac leaves is described by botanists as "pinnately compound." Rhus tree (Toxicodendron succedaneum) can be confused with Chinese pistachio (Pistacia chinensis) and tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima), as they all have once-compound (i.e. These glands are not present on sumac leaves. Sumac is a shrub or small tree that is common to much of the Great Lakes region and Michigan. Staghorn sumac is the largest of the North American sumacs. Lemonade berry sumac is very easy to grow and is drought-tolerant. The drupes produced are white in the fall and hang down from the tree. Rameaux duvetés bruns. Sumacs have been used as a source of dyes , medicines, and beverages, and the dried fruits of some species are used as a … It is strongly rhizomatous. Winged Sumac It stinks like rotten peanut butter. I believe that 4 of the trees on my property when I bought it were sumac. One distinguishing feature of the berries of poison sumac is that they aren't perfectly round. Osage Orange : Black Cherry . It has large pinnate leaves with 9 to 21 untoothed leaflets that are shiny and dark green. Both grow 10 to 15 feet tall with a similar width and have bright red fall colors. Female plants produce clusters of red berries that are attractive to wildlife. Examples of possible color combinations include: In all three cases, a tinge of green may remain to add yet another color. Winged sumac—which is also known by a variety of other common names, including dwarf sumac, flameleaf sumac, and shining sumac—is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree that thrives in dry soils in open areas where it often forms large colonies. Sumac, (genus Rhus), genus of shrubs and small trees belonging to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), native to temperate and subtropical zones. It looks a lot like poison ivy, but this pleasant, nontoxic plant is easily told from its "evil cousin." Poison sumac grows to be 6 to 20 feet high. This plant is most often used to stabilize banks or hills, to cover areas that have poor soil, or for informal hedges. Sumac species include both evergreen and deciduous types, and they generally spread by suckering, which allows them to quickly form small thickets but can also make the plants overly aggressive in some circumstances. The bark was chared but the interior of the tree remained intact. Wild sumac is easily identified in autumn by its bright red compound leaves and cluster of red berries that form in a cone shape. Sumacs include about 35 flowering woody North American species in the Rhus genus within the Anacardiaceae family, which also includes cashews, mangos, and pistachios. The new bark on the branches is relatively smooth. Its forked branches are covered with furry rust-red colored hairs, much like a stag’s antlers. Habitat: Grows in open dry woods, clearings, banks, and rocky and sandy areas. Small, green-yellow flower panicles bloom in July and August, … grows in plains and foothills on dry slopes. It is often used to stabilize large slopes or to cover large areas but is rarely planted as a landscape specimen, due to its tendency to spread rampantly. and swQue. This plant is grown principally because of the edible fruit, but its brilliant red autumn foliage and fruit clusters make it an attractive landscape specimen. It has small pinnate leaves with small, leathery leaflets. Gardeners and homeowners who seek to help bee populations are well-advised to plant native sumacs, as these plants produce plentiful nectar that help bee populations thrive. As with the other sumacs it also grows as a shrub. Like poison ivy, the color of poison sumac's mature berry is whitish. This makes for some beautiful combinations. 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